青木 良則 (アオキ ヨシノリ)

AOKI Yoshinori

写真a

所属

医学部 附属病院 総合周産期母子医療センター

職名

助教

外部リンク

学位 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 博士(医学) ( 2019年3月   東京大学 )

研究分野 【 表示 / 非表示

  • ライフサイエンス / 胎児医学、小児成育学

 

論文 【 表示 / 非表示

  • Short-term outcomes in infants with mild neonatal encephalopathy: a retrospective, observational study 査読あり

    Yoshinori Aoki, Tatsuo Kono, Mikako Enokizono, Kaoru Okazaki

    BMC pediatrics   21 ( 1 )   224   2021年5月

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    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者   記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Background: Neonatal encephalopathy due to acute perinatal asphyxia is a major cause of perinatal brain damage. Moderate to severe neonatal encephalopathy is associated with high mortality and morbidity rates. However, the neurodevelopmental outcomes in neonates with mild neonatal encephalopathy are unclear. The primary aim of this single-center observational study was to assess the short-term outcomes in term neonates with mild neonatal encephalopathy due to perinatal asphyxia. A secondary aim was to identify predictors of poor prognosis by identifying the characteristics of these infants according to their short-term outcomes.

    Methods: We retrospectively investigated all infants with perinatal asphyxia at Tokyo Metropolitan Children's Medical Center from January 2014 to December 2019. An abnormal short-term outcome was defined as any one of the following: seizures or abnormal electroencephalography, abnormal brain magnetic resonance imaging obtained within the first 4 weeks of life, and abnormal neurological examination findings at discharge.

    Results: In total, 110 term infants with perinatal asphyxia during the study period were screened and 61 were diagnosed with mild neonatal encephalopathy. Eleven (18 %) of these infants had an abnormal short-term outcome. The median Thompson score at admission was significantly higher in infants with abnormal short-term outcomes than in those with normal short-term outcomes (5 [interquartile range, 4-5.5] vs. 2 [interquartile range, 1-3], p < 0.01). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that a cutoff value of 4 had high sensitivity and specificity (90.9 and 83.0 %, respectively) for prediction of an abnormal short-term outcome.

    Conclusions: 18 % of infants with mild encephalopathy had an abnormal short-term outcome, such as abnormal brain magnetic resonance imaging findings. The Thompson score at admission may be a useful predictor of an abnormal short-term outcome in infants with mild neonatal encephalopathy.

    DOI: 10.1186/s12887-021-02688-y

    PubMed

  • Lectin-Like Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor-1-Related Microglial Activation in Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy: Morphologic Consideration.

    Akamatsu T, Sugiyama T, Oshima T, Aoki Y, Mizukami A, Goishi K, Shichino H, Kato N, Takahashi N, Goto YI, Oka A, Itoh M

    The American journal of pathology   191 ( 7 )   1303 - 1313   2021年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1016/j.ajpath.2021.04.009

    PubMed

科研費(文科省・学振・厚労省)獲得実績 【 表示 / 非表示

  • 低酸素性虚血性脳症におけるミクログリアでのLOX-1の役割解明と新規治療法の開発

    研究課題/領域番号:20K16875  2020年04月 - 2023年03月

    科学研究費補助金  若手研究